1 November 1983:
300 Marines of the 22d Marine Amphibious Unit staged an amphibious and
helicopter landing on the island of Carriacou, 15 miles northeast of
Grenada, in a search for Cuban military installations or personnel. 17
Grenadian soldiers were captured, and arms, ammunition, and training sites
were found. The next day the 22d MAU left the Caribbean area and proceeded
to Beirut, Lebanon to replace the 24th MAU.
8 November 1990:
President Bush announced that he
planned to add more than 200,000 U.S. troops to those already deployed in
Operation Desert Shield in the Persian Gulf area. The number of Marines in
the area would be doubled by the addition of II MEF units from the Corps'
east coast bases, and the 5th MEB from California. Within the next two
months, Marine strength in the objective area would increase to nearly
10 November 1921:
This date marked the first formal
commemoration of the birthday of the Marine Corps as 10 November. On 21
October 1921, Maj Edwin McClellan, OIC of the Historical Section, HQMC, sent
a memo to MajGen Commandant John A. Lejeune, suggesting that the original
birthday of 10 November 1775 be declared a Marine Corps holiday to be
celebrated throughout the Corps. Accordingly, on 1 Nov 1921, Gen Lejeune
issued Marine Corps Order No. 47 summarizing the history, mission, and
tradition of the Corps, and directed that it be read to every command each
13 November 1982:
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, containing the names of more than 13,000
Marines who lost their lives in Vietnam, was dedicated this date at the
Memorial site in Washington, D.C. The dedication and parade that preceded it
were part of a week-long National Salute to Vietnam Veterans.
17 November 1918:
The 4th Marine Brigade, as part of
the 2d Division, American Expeditionary Force, began its march to the Rhine
River, passing through Belgium and Luxembourg, as part of the American
forces occupying a defeated Germany.
20 November 1943:
The 2d Marine Division, commanded by Major General Julian C. Smith, landed
on Betio Island, Tarawa Atoll, Gilbert Islands. After seventy-six hours of
bitter fighting during which almost 1,000 Marines died, and more than 2,000
were wounded, MajGen Smith declared the island secure.
24 November 1992:
Marines lowered the flag at Subic Bay, U.S. Naval Facility, Republic of the
Philippines, for the last time during ceremonies to turn over the facility
to the government of the Philippines. The withdrawal ended almost a century
of U.S. presence in that nation.
25 November 1968:
The conclusion of Operation Lancaster
II ended 10 months of action against the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese Army
troops in the west-central sector of the demilitarized zone region. Over
1,800 enemy were killed, 42 captured, and 913 weapons seized during the
27 November 1950:
In a carefully planned assault, eight Chinese Communist divisions in Korea
launched a massive attack which had as its expressed purpose, the
destruction of the 1st Marine Division. This action led to the successful
southward Marine Corps attack out of the Changjin (Chosin) Reservoir to the
coastal port of Hungnam.